### Author Topic: HOW-TO: locals.  (Read 1787 times)

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#### plop

• Forum God
• Posts: 2 464
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##### HOW-TO: locals.
« on: 19 June, 2005, 18:05:06 »
locals on LUA 5 are more local then on LUA 4.
here I'll try 2 explain how local they really are.
and how 2 use them in the best possible way.
like always you can execute the example scripts on the
LUA (5) command line, which can be found on my website.

Code: [Select]
--making a local table which can be accesed anywhere in the script.
local number1 = {[1]=1,[2]=2,[3]=3,[4]=4,[5]=5,[6]=6}

-- lets loop the table and stuff them in another local table.
for a,b in ipairs(number1) do
-- check if number2 excist if not make it.
if not number2 then
local number2 = {}
end
number2[a]=b
end

-- function 2 print the table.
function PrintOutcome(thetable2beprinted)
if thetable2beprinted then
for a,b in ipairs(thetable2beprinted) do
print(b)
end
else
print("error table missing")
end
end
-- now lets print all vallue's from the number2 table.
PrintOutcome(number2)
that didn't work. number2 was made but wasn't there.
why ?
Code: [Select]
if not number2 then
-- only between here and the next end number2 is around.
-- after that lua calls it garbage.
local number2 = {}
end
-- here it's gone.
lets declare it a bit sooner.
Code: [Select]
--making a local table which can be accesed anywhere in the script.
local number1 = {[1]=1,[2]=2,[3]=3,[4]=4,[5]=5,[6]=6}

for a,b in ipairs(number1) do
-- lets make a empty global
local number2
if type(number2) ~= "table" then
number2 = {}
end
number2[a]=b
end

-- function 2 print the table.
function PrintOutcome(thetable2beprinted)
if thetable2beprinted then
for a,b in ipairs(thetable2beprinted) do
print(b)
end
else
print("error table missing")
end
end
-- now lets print all vallue's from the number2 table.
PrintOutcome(number2)
now the table is still missing.
so we need to declare it even sooner.
lets do it on the start.
Code: [Select]
--making a local table which can be accesed anywhere in the script.
local number1 = {[1]=1,[2]=2,[3]=3,[4]=4,[5]=5,[6]=6}

local number2
for a,b in ipairs(number1) do
if type(number2) ~= "table" then
number2 = {}
end
number2[a]=b
end

-- function 2 print the table.
function PrintOutcome(thetable2beprinted)
if thetable2beprinted then
for a,b in ipairs(thetable2beprinted) do
print(b)
end
else
print("error table missing")
end
end
-- now lets print all vallue's from the number2 table.
PrintOutcome(number2)
now this works but number2 is still available.
copy the last line a couple times.
not a real local like we wanted.
it's as local as number1 is.
lets make it a function which returns the table.
with this we can send a local copy straight 2 the print function.
Code: [Select]
--making a local table which can be accesed anywhere in the script.
local number1 = {[1]=1,[2]=2,[3]=3,[4]=4,[5]=5,[6]=6}

function copytable(tablename)
local number2 = {} -- making the number2 table
for a,b in ipairs(tablename) do
number2[a]=b
end
return number2
end

-- function 2 print the table.
function PrintOutcome(thetable2beprinted)
if thetable2beprinted then
for a,b in ipairs(thetable2beprinted) do
print(b)
end
else
print("error table missing")
end
end
-- now lets print all vallue's from the number2 table.
PrintOutcome(copytable(number1))
now this is a nice way.
we have a local copy which is dropped right on the spot it wasn't needed anymore.
we can prove it by trying 2 print number2
add the next line at the end of the previous example script.
Code: [Select]
PrintOutcome(number2)
it's gone 100%.
hope you understand a bit how local locals really are.

have fun scripting.
plop
http://www.plop.nl lua scripts/howto\'s.
http://www.thegoldenangel.net
http://www.vikingshub.com
http://www.lua.org

>>----> he who fights hatred with hatred, drives the spreading of hatred <----<<

#### PtokaX forum

##### HOW-TO: locals.
« on: 19 June, 2005, 18:05:06 »

#### Dessamator

• Scripter
• Emperor
• Posts: 1 262
• Karma: +13/-9
##### (No subject)
« Reply #1 on: 19 June, 2005, 19:03:10 »
hmm, i used some of those for variables not tables, but its a nice way to do it
Ignorance is Bliss.

#### PtokaX forum

##### (No subject)
« Reply #1 on: 19 June, 2005, 19:03:10 »